Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-settings.php on line 512

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-settings.php on line 527

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-settings.php on line 534

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-settings.php on line 570

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_PageDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1244

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_CategoryDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1442

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class wpdb in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 306

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/cache.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Object_Cache in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/cache.php on line 431

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/query.php on line 61

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/theme.php on line 1109

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 1266

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 1266

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 1266

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 1266

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Dependencies in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/class.wp-dependencies.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Http in /home/avocatig/public_html/blog/wp-includes/http.php on line 61
CURTEA INTERNATIONALA DE JUSTITIE DE LA HAG vs CURTEA EUROPEANA A DREPTURILOR OMULUI « Blog Tanase Ioan Mihai

CURTEA INTERNATIONALA DE JUSTITIE DE LA HAG vs CURTEA EUROPEANA A DREPTURILOR OMULUI

Pentru ca am constatat ca se face foarte des confuzie intre Curtea Europeana a Drepturilor Omului  cu sediul la Strassbourg  si Curtile internationale de la Haga , acestea din urma fiind in numar de doua ,  fiecare avand  atributii distincte , vom incerca in articolul de fata sa lamurim cititorii nostri cu privire la acest aspect.

Un justitiabil care a epuizat caile interne (nationale) de atac impotriva unei hotarari pronuntate de instantele romane se va adresa cu cerere la Curtea Europeana a Drepturilor Omului , cu sediul la Strassbourg , instanta care este competenta a constata incalcarea Conventiei Europene pentru “Apararea Drepturilor si a Libertatilor Fundamentale” de catre un stat semnatar (printre  care si Romania) , dar care nu este o institutie a Uniunii Europene , asa cum este Curtea de Justitie a Uniunii Europene si care are sediul la Luxembourg, ci o instanta internationala .

Curtea Internationala de Justitie de la Haga este o institutie a O.N.U. , este principalul organ judiciar al acestei organizatii si este reglementata de Carta Natiunilor Unite , statutul sau facand parte integranta din Carta. Jurisdictia obligatorie a acestei instante a fost acceptata de 59 de state din cele 187 semnatate ale statutului . Hotararile adoptate sunt definitive si obligatorii  pentru partile litigante . Acestea din urma sunt obligate sa respecte si sa puna in executare hotararile Curtii , sub consecinta interventiei Consiliului de Securitate al O.N.U.  . Dupa cum se observa , parti in procesele deduse judecatii acestei instante pot fi numai statele , iar nu si particularii – persoane fizice sau persoanele juridice de drept privat, Curtea analizand exclusiv raporturile conflictuale de drept international public . Un exemplu de conflict dedus judecatii in fata Curtii este cazul Romania – Ucraina privind constructia Canalului Bistroe din Delta Dunarii .

Curtea Penala Internationala de la Haga este tot o institutie creata de O.N.U.   . Statutul Curtii a fost adoptat in cadrul Conferintei O.N.U. de la Roma (15 iunie – 17 iulie 1998) si poate fi denumit ca “ un nou cod penal si de procedura penala la scara mondiala” – a se vedea Dumitru Diaconu , “Curtea penala internationala.Istorie si realitate. Ed. All Beck , 2000 . Sarcina acestei instante este aceea de a completa “competentele nationale penale “ .

Curtea Penala Internationala nu trebuie  sa fie confundata cu Tribunalul International Penal pentru  Yugoslavia de la Haga ( tot un organism judiciar penal instituit de catre O.N.U.) , instanta din urma avand in competenta judecarea crimelor impotriva umanitatii savarsite in timpul razboiului civil din fosta Yugoslavie .

Ambele institutii sunt “pietre de temelie” pentru viitoarea ordine sociala, juridica si politica  mondiala .

Sperand ca am lamurit care sunt competentele instantelor internationale aratate mai sus , asteptam in continuare scrisorile/ e-mailurile/comentariile cititorilor.

Tags:

Leave a Reply